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The official website for the travel trade in Normandy


From the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte
to the Hundred Years War

William the Conqueror, Richard the Lionheart, Philip II of France and Joan of Arc were major figures in medieval Normandy.

© Tapisserie de Bayeux

La Tapisserie de Bayeux - XIème siècle (Calvados)

A turbulent period of history

It was with the treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte of 911 that the king of the Franks, Charles the Simple, was forced to hand over “all lands between the Epte river and the sea” to the Viking chief Rollo. Several decades later, Normandy became the principal Duchy of the kingdom of France. The Vikings, who had become Norman, proved themselves to be able administrators and set about reorganising this vast domain, which would soon be inherited by an exceptional warrior, William the Conqueror.

© Francis CORMON

Château Gaillard - Les Andelys (Eure)

In 1066, William invaded England and became its sovereign after the Battle of Hastings, as illustrated in the famous Bayeux Tapestry registered in the UNESCO Memory of the World in 2007. In 1204, Château Gaillard, built by Richard the Lionheart, finally fell into the hands of the troops of Philip II of France. Then it was the turn of the town of Caen to fall into the hands of the French. The province of Normandy became French once again before being occupied yet again by the English between 1417 and 1450. Throughout the Middle Ages, Normandy occupied centre stage in relations between England and France. Although it wasn’t at the origin of the conflict, Normandy also played a key role during the Hundred Years’ War (1337 – 1453).




Château de Caen (Calvados)

(c) Mairie de Bayeux - Sylvain Guichard

Festival de Bayeux

(c) OTI Bayeux

Tapisserie de Bayeux